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2012年大学英语六级考试真题

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2012年大学英语六级考试真题

2012年大学英语六级考试真题

作者/编辑:英语学习 http://www.unjs.com 大学英语
  [2012年大学英语六级考试真题]

  Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes)

  Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic The Impact of the Internet on Interpersonal Communication. You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.

  

 

  The Impact of the Internet on Interpersonal Communication

  Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning)(15minutes)

  Directions: In this part. You will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet 1. For questions 1-7, choose the best answer from the four choices marked A)、B)、C)and D). For questions 8-10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.

  The Three-Year Solution

  Hartwick College, a small liberal-arts school in upstate New York, makes New York, makes this offer to well prepared students: earn your undergraduate degree in three years instead of four, and save about 543,000—the amount of one year’s tuition and fees. A number of innovative colleges are making the same offer to students anxious about saving time and money. That’s both an opportunity and a warning for the best higher-education system in the world.

  The United States has almost all of the world’s best universities. A recent Chinese survey ranks 35 American universities among the top 50, eight among the top 10. Our research universities have been the key to developing the competitive advantages that help Americans produce 25% of all the world’s wealth. In 2007, 623,805 of the world’s brightest students were attracted to American universities.

  Yet, there are signs of peril (危险)within American higher education. U.S. colleges have to compete in the marketplace. Students may choose among 6,000 public, private, nonprofit, for profit, or religious institutions of higher learning. In addition, almost all of the 532 billion the federal government provides for university research is awarded competitively.

  But many colleges and universities are stuck in the past. For instance, the idea of the fall-to-spring“school year”hasn’t changed much since before the American Revolution, when we were a summer stretch no longer makes sense. Former George Washington University president Stephen Trachtenberg estimates that a typical college uses its facilities for academic purposes a little more than half the calendar year.“While college facilities sit idle, they continue to generate maintenance expenses that contribute to the high cost of running a college,” he has written.

  Within academic departments, tenure(终身职位),combined with age-discrimination laws, makes faculty turnover—critical for a university to remain current in changing times—difficult. Instead of protecting speech and encouraging diversity and innovative thinking, the tenure system often stifles(压制)them: younger professors must win the approval of established colleagues for tenure, encouraging like-mindedness and sometimes inhibiting the free flow of ideas.

  Meanwhile, tuition has soared, leaving graduating students with unprecedented loan debt. Strong campus presidents to manage these problems are becoming harder to find, and to keep. In fact, students now stay on campus almost as long as their presidents. The average amount of time students now take to complete an undergraduate degree has stretched to six years and seven months as students interrupted by work, inconvenienced by unavailable classes, or lured by one more football season find it hard to graduate.

  Congress has tried to help students with college costs through Pell Grants and other forms of tuition support. But some of their fixes have made the problem worse. The stack of congressional regulations governing federal student grants and loans now stands twice as tall as I do. Filling out these forms consumes 7% of every tuition dollar.

  For all of these reasons, some colleges like Hartwick are rethinking the old way of doing things and questioning decades-old assumptions about what a college degree means. For instance, why does it have to take four years to earn a diploma? This fall, 16 first-year students and four second-year students at Hartwick enrolled in the school’s new three year degree program. According to the college, the plan is designed for high-ability, highly motivated student who wish to save money or to move along more rapidly toward advanced degrees.

  By eliminating that extra year, there year degree students save 25% in costs. Instead of taking 30 credits a year, these students take 40. During January, Hartwick runs a four week course during which students may earn three to four credits on or off campus, including a number of international sites. Summer courses are not required, but a student may enroll in them—and pay extra. Three year students get first crack at course registration. There are no changes in the number of courses professors teach or in their pay.

  The three-year degree isn’t a new idea. Geniuses have always breezed through. Judson College, a 350-student institution in Alabama, has offered students a three-year option for 40 years. Students attend “short terms” in May and June to earn the credits required for graduation. Bates College in Maine and Ball State University in Indiana are among other colleges offering three-year options.

  Changes at the high-school level are also helping to make it easier for many students to earn their undergraduate degrees in less time. One of five students arrives at college today with Advanced Placement (AP) credits amounting to a semester or more of college level work. Many universities, including large schools like the University of Texas, make it easy for these AP students to graduate faster.

  For students who don’t plan to stop with an undergraduate degree, the three-year plan may have an even greater appeal. Dr. John Sergent, head of Vanderbilt University Medical School’s residency (住院医生) program, enrolled in Vanderbilt’s undergraduate college in 1959. He entered medical school after only three years as did four or five of his classmates.” My first year of medical school counted as my senior year, which meant I had to take three to four labs a week to get all my sciences in. I basically skipped my senior year,” says Sergent. He still had time to be a student senator and meet his wife.

  There are, however, drawbacks to moving through school at such a brisk pace. For one, it deprives students of the luxury of time to roam (遨游) intellectually. Compressing everything into three years also leaves less time for growing up, engaging in extracurricular activities, and studying abroad. On crowded campuses it could mean fewer opportunities to get into a prized professor’s class. Iowa’s Waldorf College has graduated several hundred students in its three-year degree program, but it now phasing out the option. Most Waldorf students wanted the full four-year experience—academically, socially, and athletically. And faculty members will be wary of any change that threatens the core curriculum in the name of moving students into the workforce.

  “Most high governmental officials seem to conceive of education in this light—as a way to ensure economic competitiveness and continued economic growth,” Derek Bok, former president of Harvard, told The Washington Post. “I strongly disagree with this approach.” Another risk: the new campus schedules might eventually produce less revenue for the institution and longer working hours for faculty members.

  Adopting a three-year option will not come easily to most school. Those that wish to tackle tradition and make American campus more cost-conscious may find it easier to take Trachtenberg’s advice: open campuses year-round.“You could run two complete coll

2012年大学英语六级考试真题2
  第2篇 2014中考英语考前注意:考试考场注意事项
  〖预览〗   一、进入试室并入座后,领取草稿纸。自行调整好耳机的头带,戴上耳机,将话筒调整到适当位置。耳机话筒距嘴保持在2厘米左右,话筒略低于嘴巴。   二、在"中考英语听说考试系统"界面上,通过键盘两次输入自己的考生号,并按回车键(ENTER),经确认照片无误后进入考试系统。   三、按系统提示测试设备音量。正确进入考试系统后,系统测试界面显示四个按钮,点击"播放原音"按钮,测试能否清晰听到系统原音;点击"录音" 按钮,考生可朗读系统给出的一段文字,测试录音设备;录音完成后,点击"试听录音"按钮,测试能否清晰听到自己的录音,这时可调整耳机的音量开关,调节话 筒的音量大小;测试结束后,点击"测试完毕"按钮,退出测试界面,等待"开始考试"指令的发出。   四、输入考生号后,不可再使用键盘,只能用鼠标点击选择题的答案。做完选择题后,不再使用鼠标,其他题目须通过话筒回答问题。   五、严格按照电脑的提示和时限答题。如考试过程中计算机出现死机或不能录音等故障,考生须举手报告,等待监考员处理。涉及试题内容的疑问,不得向监考人员询问。   不可拔弄电源开关、电源线、耳机线等。擅自关闭计算机、拔掉网线或拔掉电源,造成停机、……【全文阅读:2014中考英语考前注意:考试考场注意事项
2012年大学英语六级考试真题3
  第3篇 2014北京中考英语复习冲刺
  〖预览〗   英语复习方式与理科有较大的区别,那么我们究竟应该如何在新学期挖掘出无限的潜力呢?其实对于初三的学生来说,重视基础,适量训练是重点。   一、回归教材,保持对大纲的敏锐度   很多学生觉得英语难学,但事实上英语的学习考试与其他学科一样,基本点都源自教材,我们可以花一定时间将初一、初二和初三的所有课本过一遍,做到心中有数,胸中有物。与此同时,将以往试卷和练习中的错题进行总结,方便考前有效率的复习。   二、紧随考纲变化,及时调整策略   根据今年中考英语考纲的微调,我们了解到中考英语单选从往年的15题降到了13题(减少了两道对时态题的考察),而相应在听力填空部分增加了两分。这 个小变化在一定程度上提示了我们寒假应该加强英语听力的练习,所以坚持练习往年的中考听力试题,重点记忆关键单词就成为了重中之重。   三、适量训练,化"深水"为"浅水"   对于基础较好的孩子来说,我们除了保持对基本语法和单词的热度外,更重要的是"鱼翔浅底",适量的训练中考英语中的35%的难题:每天至少两篇阅读理 解和一篇完形填空的训练,前期可进行高考难度的训练,后期回归中考难度,在训练的过程当中同时注意积累生词,久而久之我们就能在潜移默化中掌握更多的中考 高频词汇。   最后预祝所有中考……【全文阅读:2014北京中考英语复习冲刺】   〔2012年大学英语六级考试真题
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