文件 middle3 unit23.doc
标题 The football match
过去完成时由 “助动词had (用于各种人称和数)+过去分词”构成.
1.It’s a long time since we met last!
It’s … since …句型中的It指的是时间, 可以说It has been … since …, 但习惯上常说It’s … since ….
It’s half an hour since the film began.
It’s an hour since he fell asleep.
It’s three years since his father died.
It’s two months since he left home.
It’s three days since he came back.
2.journey与travel都有 “旅行”的意思, 具体用法如下:
也指 “旅行的路程”, 是个比较正式的用语.
Did you have a good journey?
It’s a 300-mile journey.
travel泛指旅行、游历, 尤指国外旅行, 但无路程的含义.
He came home after five years of foreign travel.
He is fond of travel.
3.be in time for sth. 来得及赶上…
You are just in time for the football match.
I was just in time for the flight.
The team has already been chosen.
Our team are wearing blue socks.
The class has elected its head.
The class are very bright.
My family is going to move.
His family are waiting for him.
5.either … or … 或者…或者…
Either do it at once or don’t do it at all.
Does he know either English or Russian?
1)当either … or连接并列主语时, 其谓语动词形式与邻近的主语保持一致.
Either he or I am going to help you with your English.
2)either … or …连接两个单数名词时用单数代词与名词呼应,
Either Mary or her sister left her umbrella here.
Either the Wangs or the Lees will sell their house.
3)either … or …如果连接的名词有单数也有复数, 要将复数形式的名词放在后面, 用复数形式的代词与其呼应.
Either Mary or her sisters will take care of their old father in hospital.
6.either pron. (两者之中)任何一个either of + 人称代词 / 复数名词 (该复数名词前必须用一个限定词, 如物主代词、指示代词或冠词)
Either of …作主语时, 谓语动词一般用单数形式.
Either of them / the children is good at swimming.
【注意】neither of … 的用法同上.
Neither of them / the children is on the team.
such作为形容词意思是 “如此的”, “这样的”, 修饰各种名词.
Have you ever seen such a foolish man?
It’s such an important match.
It’s such bad weather.
such … that和so … that都可用来引出一个结果状语从句, 由于such是形容词, 所以that从句前有一个受such修饰的名词;
而so是副词, 用以修饰形容词或副词, 因此that从句前一般不出现名词.
They are such kind-hearted teachers that people in the village all respect them.
The exam was so difficult that many students failed to pass it.
如果名词是可数名词的单数形式, 例如: It was such a hot day that … , 句子可转换成: It was so hot a day that …, 注意词序的变化.
但是如果名词是复数或不可数名词, 则不能转换. 如: They are such good comrades that … 和It was such bad weather that … 就不能转换成so … that …句型. 如要转换, 就一定要把名词用作主语. 注意以下转换方式:
She is such a lovely girl that we all like her.
=She’s so lovely a girl that we all like her.
=The girl is so lovely that we all like her.
It was such bad weather that we had to stay home.
=The weather was so bad that we had to stay home.
almost常与never, no, none, nothing, nobody, every, everything和
everybody连用, 当almost修饰no时相当于hardly any.
There were almost no / hardly any people at the concert.
He has done almost nothing / hardly anything today.
Almost everybody went to see it.
almost有时可以修饰名词、形容词或动词, 表示 “差一点”.
Before this match we were almost top of the league.
Our cat understands everything. She’s almost human.
I almost think you are right.
Tom almost passed the exam.
I almost fell off my bike.
We were almost there when our car broke down.
The word is on page 5, third line from the top.
On the top of the mountain grows a tall old tree.
He shouted at the top of his voice.
Tom sat at the top of the table.
She is the top student in her class.
In the end we won the match / game.
We know it will be difficult for us to beat them.
11.get / make sth ready准备…
I got my football clothes ready.
She is getting the dinner ready.
12.keep on doing
※ keep on doing表示“继续不停地做某事”, “坚持不懈地做某事”,
The farmers kept on working in the fields when it began to rain.
I kept on thinking about the match in the afternoon.
keep doing表示 “反复地做某事”, 即多是表示重复性较强的动作.
She kept coughing all night.
Keep passing the ball to each other.
Edison kept (on) asking questions that were not about the texts.
Don’t keep (on) doing such foolish things.
end可以用作不及物动词或及物动词, 做不及物动词用时, 相当于be over, 作及物动词用时意思接近于finish.
The Second World War ended in 1945.
After the meeting ended (=was over), I had a few words with the headmaster.
We must do something to end such a thing.
He ended (=finished) the letter with good wishes to the family.
14. against prep. (表示反对、敌对)与…相反, 与…对抗,
We were playing against No. 64 Middle School.
We must fight against the enemy.
This is a war against poverty.
15.draw n. (竞赛等的)不分胜负
The match ended in a draw.
It was a draw when we played against them last time.
16.be / feel afraid of + sth. / doing sth. / to do sth.
Are you afraid of dogs / the dark?
We felt a little afraid of them.
I’m afraid of flying / to fly in an airplane.
17.be sure to do …一定会…的, 必定…的
He is sure to call you up.
It’s sure to be fair today.
We are sure to beat them.
18.be hard to do … (人, 物)难做的 (do是及物动词, 或动词后面附介词)
This book is hard to understand.
=It’s hard to understand this book.
He is hard to get along with.
=It’s hard to get along with him.
Some of them were very hard to stop when they got the ball.
=It was hard to stop some of them when they got the ball.
19.Early in the first half of the match, he kicked a goal.
half n. [C ] (比赛等的)前半, 后半.
goal n. [ C ] (足球等的)球门, (踢进球门得到的)得分
He kicked the ball into the goal.
We beat them by three goals to two.
They have won / scored a goal.
20.as conj. 依照…, 如…, 随…
We did as our P.E teacher told us and we won the first place in the league.
I’ll do as you advise.
Please try to pronounce the word as I do.
She stayed in bed as the doctor had ordered.
Leave it as it is.
Now do as I did just now.
rather和quite同样都可以用来修饰名词, 通常置于冠词之前, 但
名词前有形容词时, 可以接在不定冠词a, an之后.
It was rather a cold day.
=It was a rather cold day.
They are rather a strong team.
=They are a rather strong team.
1. mouthA. youthB. groupC. southD. enough
2. preferA.perhapsB. personC. rulerD.wonderful
3. amongA. angryB.comradeC.passingD. cinema
4. kingsA. monthsB. rocksC. groupsD.comrades
5. playA. painB. saidC. saysD.Britain
1.By the end of the match, they had kicked two ________ . (goal)
2.They are rather a ________ team, aren’t they ? (strongly)
3.Pass the ball as ________ as you can. (quick)
4.Their team is weaker than ________ . (we)
5.The sun is shining ________ . (bright)
6.This match is one of ________ matches of this year. (important)
1.She’s ________ kind woman that everybody likes her.
A.such a B. a suchC. so a D. a so
2.If he doesn’t do it, I ________ .
A.don’t tooB. won’t tooC. won’t eitherD. don’t either
3.I’m sorry I’ve kept you ________ for so long.
A.waitingB. waitC. to waitD. waited
4.He thought little about ________ I had said.
A.whichB. whatC. thatD. where
5.I’m sure that their team will ________ ours.
A.beatB. winC. takeD. fail
6.The train ________ when I ________ to the station.
B.had left, got
C.left, had got
D.was left, was getting
7.I saw two films last night and ________ was good enough.
A.noneB. neitherC. bothD. every
8.Where will they meet, outside the zoo ________ inside the park?
A.andB. orC. norD. but
9.Sorry there’s only one seat left. ________ you ________ she can
A.Either, or B. Neither, norC. Both, andD. Not, but
10.________, Xiao Ming hurried to school.
A.After a quick breakfast
B.After quick breakfast
C.After eating quickly breakfast
D.Quickly after eating breakfast
11.Mike said He ________ to Australia.
A.has never been
B.has never gone
C.had never been
12.________ the end of the second half we had kicked six goals.
A.AtB. InC. OnD. By
13.It was very hot yesterday. But it is ________ today.
C.much more hot
14.She told me she found Jack a happy boy ________ .
A.workB. to workC. to work withD. worked with
15.Jack wrote me to say that He ________ a lot of money in Britain
in the last three years.
A.had madeB. madeC. would makeD. was making
16.It was ________ bad weather that we all had to stay inside.
A.veryB. soC. ratherD. such
17.How long ________ you last saw her?
A.was it when
B.is it after
C.is it that
D.is it since
18.He is always ready ________ when we ask him to have a game of
A.to playB. playsC. playingD. and play
19.They all felt ________ not very difficult to learn the passage by heart.
A.themselvesB. thisC. thatD. it
20.The boys all went for a swim ________.
B.after the school
C.after the school ended
One afternoon after school had finished, Peter and Jane were walking along the street. Suddenly they heard a big noise.
“Come on!” shouted Peter. “That sounds like an accident. Let’s see what’s happened.”
They ran to where the noise came from. As soon as they got there, they could see what had happened. A small car had knocked into the side of a truck. The accident had happened in a quiet street with only four houses in it. Peter and Jane were the first ones to reach the accident. No other people came. “We must be the only ones who saw the accident,” said Jane. They found that both the car driver and the truck driver were hurt .
“Peter,” said Jane, “run back down the road to Mrs Day’s house. Ask her to call the policemen and the ambulance (救护车). Hurry, I’ll stay here.”
Off went Peter as fast as he could.
There was nothing Jane could do but wait. She knew that when people were hurt in an accident, they shouldn’t be moved.
It wasn’t long before the police car and the ambulance arrived. The policemen got the car door open and they carried the man out. Then they got the truck out. The men weren’t seriously hurt, but they were both taken to hospital. The policemen thanked Peter and Jane. “You were very good children to act so quickly when you saw the accident. Thank you for all your help.”
1.The accident happened ________ .
A.in a quiet street one school day afternoon
B.in a busy street one school day afternoon
C.in a quiet street one Sunday afternoon
D.in a busy street one Sunday afternoon
2.________ in the accident.
A.Only the car driver was hurt
B.Only the truck driver was hurt
C.Neither of the two drivers was hurt
D.Both the drivers were hurt
3.Jane did nothing before the policemen arrived because ________.
A.she was too frightened to do anything
B.she was alone after Peter left
C.she was waiting for Peter
D.she knew she shouldn’t move the two drivers
4.The policemen thanked Peter and Jane because ________.
A.they acted as quickly as they could after they saw the accident
B.they were the first ones to reach the accident
C.they helped to take the drivers to hospital
D.they were walking along the street just at that time