Ⅰ.Read the following unfinished statements or questions carefully. For each unfinished statement or question, four suggested answers marked A,B,C and D are given. Choose the one that you think best completes the statement or answers the question. Write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space on the answer sheet. （40 points, 1 point for each）
1.Britain has, for centuries, been slowly tilting with ________.
A.the North-West slowly rising and the South-East slowly sinking
B.the North-East slowly rising and the South-West slowly sinking
C.the South-East slowly rising and the South-West slowly sinking
D.the South-West slowly rising and the North-East slowly sinking
2.Which often following statements is not true about British coal mining?
A.Brition has used up almost all coal deposits.
B.The demand for British coal has declined.
C.Petroleum, water power, and electric power replacing coal for many purposes.
D.The old British mines are narrow and deep, making it difficult to use machines
3.For electoral purposes Britain is divided into 659 constituencies, each of which
returns ________ to the House of Commons.
4.In the 1970s oil was discovered in ________, but the revenue from oil did not create an economic for Britain.
A.the English Channel
B.the Irish Sea
C.St. George's Channel
D.the North Sea
5.In Britain, ministers are appointed by the Queen on the recommendation of ________.
A.the Lord Chancellor
B.the Prime Minister
D.the Parliamentary Commissioner
6.Thanks to the militant feminist movement of the suffragettes before the First World War, votes were granted to women over the age of ________ in 1918.
7.The objective of the Chartist Movement was democratic rights for all men, and it took its name from “________”.
A.The Bill of Rights
B.The Agreement of the People
C.The People's Charter
D.The Great Charter
8.In the 1960s pop music underwent a revolution when ________ became world famous and turned their home town of Liverpool into a place of pilgrimage.
A.teh Beach Boys
B.the Rolling Stone
9.The Tories were the forerunners of ________, which still bears this nickname today.
A.the Labour Party
B.the Conservative Party
C.the Liberal Party
D.the Social Democratic Party
10.In the United Kingdom, the party which wins the ________ number of seats in the House of Commons becomes the official Opposition.
11.In the United Kingdom,police officers are not allowed to join ________ or to go on strike.
A.a trade union
C. apolitical party
12.Agricltural changes in the late 18th and early 19th centuries in England were so great that they were worthy of the term “________”.
13.The Mississippi, which is sometimes called ________, has played a vital role in the history of the United States.
A.“Old Man River”
C.“Old Father River”
D.“Mother of the United States”
14.The largest and smallest states of the United States are ________.
A.Alaska and Rhode Island
B.Texas and Maine
C.Texas and Rhode Island
D.Alaska and Maine
15.A trend that occurs at the same time with the movement to the South and the Weast of the United States is ________.
A.the flow of people to sunbelt area
B.the flow of peole from small cities to big cities
C.the growth of small towns
D.the outflow of city residents from the core cities to the suburbs
16.The average life expectancy of the Red Indians is ________.
A.higher than the national average
B.lower than the national average
C.about the same with the national average
D.none of the above
17.The three Puritan traditions are ________.
A.religious tolerance, respect for achievement and respect for learning
B.religious dissent aggressiveness and respect for learning
C.religious intolerance, respect for achievement and respect for learning
D.religious intolerance, aggressiveness, respect for achievement
18.In 1900, the United States ranked first in the world in the production of ________.
19.During the Second World War, Roosevelt, Stalin and Churchill met at ________.
A.Teheran, Yalta and Potsdam
B.Teheran and Yalta
C.Yalta, Potsdam and Berlin
D.Teheran and Potsdam
20.The New Frontier and War on Poverty were put forward respectively by ________.
A.Eisenhower and Kennedy
B.Johnson and Nixon
C.Johnson and Kennedy
D.Kennedy and Johnson
21.The origin of the American party system can be traced to ________.
A.the struggle between the Royalists and revolutionaries in the War of Independence
B.the constitutional debate between the Federalists and the anti——Federalists
C.the struggle between those who upheld slavery and those who opposed slavery
D.none of the above
22.The functions of institutions of higher education in the U.S. are ________.
A.research and teaching
B.teaching and degree awarding
C.professional training, teaching and public service
D.teaching, research and public service
23.In “Song of Myself”, Whitman writes that ________.
A.woman is not worth mentioning
B.woman is not as great as man
C.woman as the motheeings is the greatest
D.none of the above
24.The theme of Thanksgiving has always been ________.
A.friendship and happiness
B.peace and plenty
C.cooperation and rich reward
D.love and happiness
25.Australia is located between ________ and the Indian Ocean.
A.the South Pacific Ocean
B.the Atlantic Ocean
C.the North Sea
26.Australia, which is one of the world's developed countries, has become rich through ________.
B.farming and mining
D.forestry and fishing
27.Australian Aborigines believed in a creative period, usually referred to in English as ________.
A.teh Dreamland B.the Dreaming
C.the Beginning of the World D.the Beginning of the Universe
28.As far as Australian culture is concerned, the history of Australia can be divided into the following phases with the exception of ________.
A.the period of the original culture of Aboriginal people
B.the period of the dominant British culture
C.teh period of Asian culture
D.the period of a multicultural society
29.The Mabo Judgement passed by Australia's High Court in June 1992 overturned the concept of terra nullius, which means ________.
A.“land belonging to no one”
B.“land unknown to everyone”
30.During the 1990s many Australians called for their nation to become a republic with ________.
A.a president replacing the British monarch as head of state
B.a prime minister replacing the governor——general as head of government
C.a governor-general replacing the British monarch as head of state
D.a president replacing the governor- general as head of government
31.The longest river in Canada is ________.
B.the St. Lawrence
32.Why were the French troops in Canada defeated by the British during the Seven Years' War?
A.Because they were not used to the weather in Cananda.
B.Because they did not get support from the local people.
C.Because they did not receive the supplies they needed so badly.
D.Because the British had larger and better settlements in Canada.
33.Which of the following is not true about Canada's manufacturing today?
A.Manufacturing is the most important economic activity in Canada.
B.Transportation equipment ranks as the nation's leading manufactured product.
C.Food processing is still important but it is no longer Canada's chief man ufacturing industry
D.The production of paper and paper related products is no longer important in Canada's manufacturing.
34.When was the referendum on Quebec's future status held in Canada?
35.Since 1971 the Canadian government has adopted a policy of ________, recognizing that cultural pluralism within a bilingual framework is the essence of the Canadian identity.
36.In Canada the federal governments have always been formed by ________.
A.the Liberal Party
B.the Progressive Conservative Party
C.either the Liberal Party or the Progressive Conservative Party
D.both the Liberal Party and the Progressive Conservation Party
37.What is Ireland called in Irish?
38.What are Ireland's chief exports?
A.Foodstuffs（especially beef）, electrical machinery, and chemicals.
B.Wool, dairy products and fruit.
C.Motor vehicles, electrical machinery and petroleum.
D.Coal, mining equipment and textiles.
39.A fault line runs the length of New Zealand, which means that it often has ________.
A.floods B.volcanic eruptions
40.Which of the following is not true about the political system of New Zealand?
A.New Zealand has a written constitution.
B.New Zealand has a parliamentary government and a constitutional monarchy.
C.New Zealand follows the British parliamentary system with some variations.
D.New Zealand Parliament has only one chamber.
Ⅱ.Give a one-sentence answer to each of the following questions. Write your answer in the corresponding space on the answer sheet.（30 points , 3 points for each）
41. What are the main types of farming in Britain?
42.How are the state-run television channels BBC1 and BBC2 financed?
43.What is the aim of the social security system in the United Kingdom?
44.What kind of economic system does the United States have?
45.What were the two serious weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation?
46.What is the difference between an academic high school and a technical high school?
47.What are the most common leisure activities in Canada?
48.What does the outback refer to in Australia?
49.What are the two types of farming in Ireland?
50.Why is the population of New Zealand so unevenly distributed?
Ⅲ.Explain each of the following terms in English. Write your answer in the corresponding space on the answer sheet in around 40 words （20 points, 5 points for each）
51.The Civil List
Ⅳ.Write between 100—120 words on the following topic in the corresponding space on the answer sheet.（10 points）
55. Give two examples to show the kind of political intolerance in the U.S. after the end of W.W.I.
2002年全国高等教育自学考试英语国家概况试卷2 第2篇 “邓小平理论概论”试题特点和答题方法
〖预览〗要学好《邓小平理论概论》，首先一定要掌握《邓小平理论概论》的教学体系，把握该课程教学内容的全貌，以及各章的分工及联系。 《邓小平理论概论》自学考试试题的特点，总的来说是题型较多、题量大、覆盖面广。高等教育自学考试应考者，首先应该了解本门课程试题的题型及其特点，以有助于临场考试的正常发挥。下面针对各种不同题型的特点、要求及应注意的问题，作简要的说明和分析。 （一）单项选择题 题量大，占总分比重大，达30%.单选题一般容易回答，应考者必须力争多拿分，这是能否通过考试的重要一环。但它覆盖面广，这就要求全面复习，切不可只抓重点。 如何答好单项选择题呢？ 首先，必须认真审题，弄清题干要求回答的究竟是什么问题，有的放矢去选择正确项。对题干必须仔细阅读，全面分析，决不能粗心大意，马马虎虎看一下，就急忙去选择答案，否则十有八九要出错。如，题干是，“解决我国民族问题的基本原则是”，就应选择“坚持民族平等、民族团结和各民族共同繁荣”这个正确项；如果题干是，“解决我国民族问题的出发点和归宿是”，就应选择“各民族的共同繁荣”；题干是“解决我国民族问题的基本政策是”，则应选择“实行民族区域自治制度”。这三题同样都是问解决我国民族问题，如不认真审题，很容易答错，丢分。 其次，要仔细辨认四个备选项，根据题干的要求找出其中一个“最符合题意……【全文阅读：“邓小平理论概论”试题特点和答题方法】
2002年全国高等教育自学考试英语国家概况试卷3 第3篇 自考生最需考的三类证书
〖预览〗托业考试8月26日考，保险资格电子化考试8月中旬报名，外经贸经理人职业资格认证项目全国统考正在进行网报，9月中旬考全国注册会计师、司法考试……度过了相对平静的7月后，下半年资格考试开始逐渐进入报名、考试的密集期。行业准入、以考代评获取任职资格、多拿证书增加就业竞争力等3方面原因，催生了目前的考证热。 作为行业准入的条件之一，国家级职业资格考试近来发展迅速，一些技术性强、服务质量高的行业大都实行职业资格准入证，相关从业人员必须参加对应的资格考试才能“入行”。比如司法考试，根据国家司法考试制度规定，从事律师、法官、检察官、公证员这4种职业，必须先通过国家司法考试。考生李晓斌法律专业本科毕业后，想到一家律师事务所实习，被问的第一个问题就是：是否通过了司法考试，在得到肯定答复后，他才被允许进入律师事务所实习。 一些行业实行专业技术资格考试制度，以举行资格考试的形式，代替职称评审，也在一定程度上带动了资格考试报考升温。自2001年起，卫生专业初、中级资格已不再进行评审，在单位业务考核合格的基础上，通过“以考代评”方式确认其专业技术资格。自2008年起，英、法、日等7个语种的二级、三级翻译人才聘任资格只能通过参加全国翻译专业资格水平考试才能取得。 为了在求职竞争中有更多优势，不少考生参加了资格考试并取得了相应证书……【全文阅读：自考生最需考的三类证书】