1. 电影《欢乐满人间》(Mary Poppins)
It is 50 years since Mary Poppins appeared on cinema screens. The film presented a very particular view of middle-class family life, but have movies influenced how people think about parenting?
Mary Poppins taught parents many things. Bedrooms are better tidied, every chore has its fun side and an organised day is a happy day. Poppins's strict-but-saccharine manner brought the unruly Jane and Michael Banks under control - she succeeded where their parents and numerous lesser nannies could not。
Though decades old, Poppins's techniques are still lauded by parents。
Childcare blogger Kenney Myers describes her as "the gold standard", while parenting expert Michael Grose says there are some key parenting lessons to learn from Poppins。
The relationship between parents and children, or nannies and children, is one often explored in films. It can result in a strange osmosis for viewers。
"The things we can learn from Mary Poppins is how important boundaries are, and the role that they play in raising children," says Bernie Wooder, a psychoanalyst who uses "film therapy" as part of his treatment technique。
"When she comes along she brings organisation and it appears to look like magic because everything starts to go right. It's an effective lesson."
精神分析学家伯尼伍德(Bernie Wooder)把“电影疗法”作为其治疗技术的一部分，他提到：“我们可以从玛丽波平斯(Mary Poppins)身上学到父母与孩子间界限的重要性，而且它们在抚养孩子过程中所扮演着重要角色。”
2. 电影《窈窕奶爸》(Mrs Doubtfire)
Wooder adds that he prescribed the viewing of the Robin Williams film Mrs Doubtfire for one father。
The film sees Williams play Daniel Hillard, a dad who loses custody of his children following a divorce. In his desperation to see them, he ends up dressing up as a woman, complete with a false nose and twin sets, and putting on a Scottish accent to win the job as their nanny。
"That film really helped one of my clients because it expressed the level of frustration that he was feeling - that he was prepared to do anything at all to spend time with his kids," adds Wooder. Using a disguise to bypass custody arrangements is obviously inadvisable in the real world but the film offers a lesson about closeness。
"Films are a remarkable tool for helping people learn, it's about recognising a feeling or an atmosphere and taking some time to just sit, watch and consider it."
Williams's soft-spoken nanny is one of a number of film characters that explore the relationship between fathers and their children。
伍德还说他向每一位父亲推荐观看罗宾威廉姆斯(Robin Williams)出演的《窈窕奶爸》(Mrs Doubtfire)这部电影。
3. 电影《海底总动员》(Finding Nemo)
For parenting expert Sarah Ockwell-Smith, it is Disney's Finding Nemo that presents the best lessons. "It's a great example of a single parent family, or more specifically a single father raising his son alone from birth - something you see rarely in films," she says。
"At the beginning Nemo's father is what we call a 'helicopter parent' - always fussing over the child and never letting him have any freedom. I think the film shows this style of parenting is not great and still not a guarantee of accidents not happening。
"The film [goes on to] show how confident Nemo is, which is a reflection of great parenting."
Mrs Doubtfire, The Sound of Music and Mary Poppins aren't the only films to draw on the transformative role a nanny can play in children's lives:
Mr Nanny (1993)- Hulk Hogan acts as bodyguard-cum-nanny to two mischievous brats who have no discipline due to their often distracted and absent widower father. Includes villains seeking a microchip。
The Pacifier (2005) - Continuing the theme of hard man-cum-nanny, Vin Diesel (pictured) looks after five antagonistic kids whose father has died. Gruff exteriors transformed on both sides. Includes villains seeking microchip-like technology。
Nanny McPhee (2005) - Emma Thompson's Nanny McPhee swoops in to help a widower handle his seven unruly children. With magic and discipline she transforms their lives, changing herself in the process。
Jack and Sarah (1995) - Richard E Grant's Jack is a widower, after his partner dies in childbirth. Grief-stricken, he goes off the rails, until he eventually faces his parental duties with help from nanny Amy。
The Nanny Diaries (2007) - Shock. No widow or widower. Scarlett Johansson is a nanny for a rich family in which the son is neglected. Despite getting fired, she transforms the lives of the child and wife。
《保姆先生》(Mr Nanny)(1993年)：霍克霍肯(Hulk Hogan)在剧中扮演两位淘气顽童的保镖兼保姆，他们的单亲父亲经常心烦意乱并且常常不在孩子身边，所以孩子变得很没规矩。其中包括饰演坏人盗取电脑微芯片。