托福英语 时间:2007-04-05 我要投稿
【 - 托福英语】


??? As many as one thousand years ago in the Southwest, the Hopi and Zuni Indians of North America were building with adobe -- sun-baked brick plastered with mud. Their homes looked

remarkably like modem apartment houses. Some were four stories high and contained quarters

for perhaps thousand people, along with storerooms for grain and other goods. These

buildings were usually put up against cliffs, both to make construction easier and for defense

against enemies. They were really villages in themselves, as later Spanish explorers must have

realized since they called them "pueblos", which is Spanish for town.

????The people or the pueblos raised what are called "the three sisters" -- corn, beans, and

squash. They made excellent pottery and wove marvelous baskets, some so fine that they could

hold water. The Southwest has always been a dry country, where water is scarce. The Hopi and

Zuni brought water from streams to their fields and gardens through irrigation ditches. Water

was so important that it played a major role in their religion. They developed elaborate

ceremonies and religious rituals to bring rain.

???The way of life of less-settled groups was simpler and more strongly influenced by nature.

Small tribes such as the Shoshone and Ute wandered the dry and mountainous lands between

the Rocky Mountains and the Pacific Ocean. They gathered seeds and hunted small animals

such as rabbits and snakes.In the Far North the ancestors of today s Inuit hunted seals, walruses,

and the great whales. They lived right on the frozen seas in shelters called igloos built of blocks

of packed snow. When summer came, they fished for salmon and hunted the lordly caribou.

??? The Cheyenne, Pawnee, and Sioux tribes, known as the Plains Indians, lived on the

grasslands between the rocky mountains and the Mississippi River. They hunted biso